UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
|DO NOT PUBLISH
This case disposition has no value as precedent and is not intended for publication. Any publication, either in print or electronically, is contrary to the intent and wishes of the court.
MARC and DENISE THORPE, No. 98-11963
MARC and DENISE THORPE,
v. A.P. No. 00-1031
PROFILE HOLDINGS, INC.,
Memorandum of Decision
Debtor Marc Thorpe is a free-lance designer and model maker. About ten years ago, he came
up with an idea for a competition involving radio-controlled robots designed to do mayhem to one
another in a sort of mechanical cockfight. He called his idea Robot Wars.
In 1994, Thorpe entered into a business transaction with Profile Holdings, Inc., whereby Thorpe
would become a joint venturer with Profile in Robot Wars; Thorpe was to provide the ideas and Profile
The principal of Profile is Steven Plotnicki, who appears to be almost a caricature of an East-coast entrepreneur: brash, aggressive, combative, and litigious. Thorpe appears to be his exact
opposite: West coast reserved, quiet, personable, naive. With the benefit of hindsight, a 50-50
partnership between the two of them had no chance of succeeding. While Robot Wars could not have
taken off without Profile's financing, Thorpe became more and more uncomfortable with Profile as a
The essence of whatever success Robot Wars has enjoyed is a small group of dedicated robot
builders anxious to compete against each other. Thanks to the Internet, Thorpe was able to build a very
personal relationship with them. This personal relationship, and Thorpe's inability to make the builders
comfortable with Profile, has resulted in the impasse now before the court.
Prior to Thorpe's Chapter 11 filing, he and Profile were locked in litigation in New York. Two
tentative settlements of that litigation broke down, and Thorpe was unsuccessful in obtaining court
permission to produce a Robot Wars event over Profile's objection. Thorpe then filed a Chapter 11
petition in this court, hoping to use the bankruptcy proceedings to divest Profile of its interest in Robot
In late 1998, the parties again entered into settlement discussions and this time reached a signed
agreement. Under the agreement, Thorpe was to receive $250,000.00 cash and 10% of receipts as
royalties. In return, Thorpe agreed to use his best efforts to promote Robot Wars, secure certain rights
from robot makers, and use his best efforts to rehabilitate Profile's reputation, which had been severely
damaged by litigation.
This adversary proceeding arises out of the 1998 settlement agreement. In the complaint,
Thorpe seeks his $250,000.00, which has never been paid. In its counterclaim, Profile seeks damages
from Thorpe for his failure to use his best efforts to rehabilitate its reputation.
II. Determination of Breach
Like all good settlements, the agreement Thorpe and Profile reached left neither of them happy.
However, based on his concept of "honesty," Thorpe proved utterly incapable of putting on a happy
face for the Robot Wars participants. His lukewarm communications with them made it clear that he
was not happy with the settlement and considered Profile to be a malevolent force. He really did
nothing to quell the strong feeling among the participants that Robot Wars would be much better
The court rejects Thorpe's primary contention, that he is excused from performance because
Profile did not pay the $250,000.00. The agreement makes it clear that the parties did not intend
immediate payment but rather a structured payment, pursuant to plan, so that tax burdens were
minimized. Most tellingly, Thorpe made no demand for payment.
The court further rejects Thorpe's contention that he lived up to his side of the bargain. His
agreement did not call for him to be "honest" with the participants; it called for him to bring them back
into the Robot Wars fold. If he could not do this in good faith, he should not have made the agreement.
He was not free to take Profile's money and then tell the participants that Profile made him do it. That
may have been the truth, but it was not what Profile bargained for. Thorpe breached paragraphs 7a and
9 of the agreement.
The fixing of damages in this case is very difficult. Profile sought to make it easy for the court,
by submitting expert testimony on this issue. However, the expert's opinion is based on the very flawed
premise that Thorpe was capable of rehabilitating Profile's reputation among the robot builders. In fact,
exhibits to his own opinion declaration reinforce Thorpe's contention that nothing Thorpe could have
said or done would have significantly rehabilitated Profile. By bringing suit against builders, Profile had
damaged itself far beyond Thorpe's ability to smooth things over, even if he had done his best.
The court perceives that Profile did not take into account the changing times in assessing the
value of Thorpe's attempts to rehabilitate it. Even as recently as two or three years earlier, it is very
possible that Thorpe's endorsement would have brought most or all of the participants back into the
fold. However, the information explosion of the late '90s changed many things, especially among tech-savvy robot builders who are more likely than the general population to take full advantage of e-mail
and the Internet. Thanks to these developments, the builders across the world were in constant, instant
communication with each other. Information was shared to the extent that a strong anti-Profile
sentiment developed in a significant portion of the builder community. Given the extent of their
knowledge of the circumstances, it is not surprising that they would correctly view anything Thorpe said
or might have said as grudging consideration for a reluctant compromise.
Nonetheless, difficulty in assessing damages is not a justification for failure to award them when
there has been a breach of a contract. Moreover, Profile certainly did suffer some loss due to Thorpe's
failure to deliver. The court must do its best to quantify this loss.
Profile's expert testified that the total cost of rebuilding goodwill for Robot Wars was
$677,000.00. It seems appropriate to the court that Profile and Thorpe should bear this cost in relation
to the degree that their own actions or failures to act created the need for this rehabilitation. The court
finds that even if Thorpe had done everything asked and expected of him, he could not have lessened the
strong feelings against Profile by more than a third. Accordingly, the court assesses Profile's damages
For the foregoing reasons, the court will enter a judgment requiring Profile to pay Thorpe the
sum of $24,333.33, in full satisfaction of its $250,000.00 obligation to Thorpe. The five-year restrictive
covenant contained in paragraph 4 of the settlement agreement shall be extended for one year. All other
provisions of the settlement agreement shall remain in full force and effect, including Thorpe's right to
royalties. Each side shall bear its own attorneys' fees and costs.
This memorandum constitutes the court's findings and conclusions pursuant to FRCP 52(a) and
FRBP 7052. Counsel for Profile shall submit an appropriate form of judgment forthwith.
Dated: August 8, 2000 ___________________________