Chief Judge Roger L. Efremsky • Clerk of Court Edward Emmons

Judge Novack's Practices and Procedures

Judge Novack’s PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES are presented as a tool in providing efficient and effective services by counsel. The hope is that this information will provide you and your client with an accurate expectation of the processes used in this court.

1. Calendaring Matters. Judge Novack has separate calendars for relief from stay, adversary motions, case motions, chapter 11 disclosure statements and plan confirmations, chapter 13 confirmations, final accounts and fee applications, chapter 11 status conferences, adversary case management conferences, and trial setting conferences.

The San Jose Division uses an Open Calendar that allows counsel to self-select an available hearing date. Complete details regarding the Open Calendar procedure for the division and for Judge Novack are available at Calendar Procedures for San Jose Division.

To calendar an emergency matter to be heard on shortened time, an application for an order shortening time that complies with Bankruptcy Local Rule 9006-1 is required before a hearing date will be set. Counsel should include preferred calendar dates and the proposed notice to affected parties as part of their application and a proposed order. Requests for temporary restraining orders will only be calendared after an adversary complaint has been filed. You should include an application for an expedited hearing with the request for TRO and complaint. Generally, Judge Novack requires a minimum of four hours notice to affected parties prior to conducting a hearing on a TRO.

Once Judge Novack has reviewed an application for shortened time, he will issue an order setting the date and time of the hearing and specifying any special instructions regarding notice, as appropriate. Written opposition is generally not required to be filed before a hearing set on shortened time, and a party may appear at the hearing to oppose the motion orally.

If you need to contact Judge Novack’s courtroom deputy to schedule a hearing not subject to the open calendar procedure, you may call Millie McGowan at (408) 278-7578. Her email address is

2. Continuing or Withdrawing Calendared Matters. We receive many inquiries about how to continue or remove a matter on the court calendar. As a matter of courtesy to the court and opposing counsel, we suggest the following procedures.

To withdraw new matter from the calendar, you may submit a written withdrawal to the court no later than 3 days before the hearing. If you wish to continue a new matter, the timing depends upon who has received notice. If the matter has been noticed to all creditors, please submit a notice of continued hearing and serve it on all creditors at least 7 days before the hearing. If the matter concerns only specific parties in interest, such as a motion for relief from stay, contact the court and counsel 24 hours in advance to advise of the continuance.

If you wish to continue a hearing on a matter that has already been before the court, you have two options. You may submit a stipulation and order (if the parties agree) or application and order at least 3 days before the hearing. If the hearing is in less than 3 days, please contact chambers to advise the court that you will request a continuance at the hearing. Generally, Judge Novack prefers that appearances to request a continuance be made telephonically.

3. Calling Chambers. You may call Judge Novack’s law clerks at (408) 278-7538 if you have questions regarding procedural matters. Please keep in mind that Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 9003 prohibits ex parte contacts with the court and is applicable to law clerks as well as judges. Additionally, you may contact chambers to check on the status of an order or to inform the court of the following matters:

  • an objection to a proposed form of order;
  • a settlement of a matter calendared for hearing; or
  • that the parties will go forward with a chapter 11 disclosure statement or plan confirmation hearing.

Finally, you may contact chambers to obtain assistance with a discovery dispute. When appropriate under Civil Local Rule 37-1(b), Judge Novack will attempt to resolve discovery disputes through a telephonic conference with all parties.

4. Submission of Orders After Hearings. Please observe the provisions of Bankruptcy Local Rule 9021-1(c) and 9022-1.

5. Relief From Stay. The Guidelines for Motions for Relief from Stay explain the factors Judge Novack considers in ruling on a relief from stay motion. Most stay motions are resolved at the preliminary hearing. If a final hearing is set, it is generally an evidentiary hearing.

All relief from stay motions are to be accompanied by a relief from stay coversheet, which is available on-line or at the clerk’s office. The coversheet is Judge Novack’s most important preparation tool for the relief from stay calendar. If the relief from stay coversheet is not accurate and complete, the motion may be denied without prejudice.

Unless an order specifically provides to the contrary, Judge Novack makes certain assumptions regarding every order submitted following a motion for relief from stay. These assumptions should be taken into account when submitting or reviewing proposed orders.

Please refer to paragraph 5 above regarding the special procedures for relief from stay hearings in chapter 13 cases from the Salinas venue.

6. Adversary Proceedings. Adversary proceedings progress on written orders issued by the court. Each confirms dates, times and procedures. The first is the order setting the telephonic case management conference which is served with the summons and complaint. Pursuant to these orders, case management conference statements are generally required at least 5 days before each conference and continuances must be requested in writing at least 14 days before the conference date.

Short cause matters may be set for trial after the first status conference. In more complex cases, Judge Novack may issue a trial setting order requiring counsel to prepare a joint pre-trial order. The pre-trial order supersedes all pleadings in the case. The trial setting orders contain the protocol for courtroom procedures for trial or evidentiary hearing.

Once a matter has been set for trial, Judge Novack will continue the trial to document a settlement but not because of ongoing negotiations. Where the settlement documentation (Judgment, Stipulation For Judgment or Dismissal) has been filed with the court prior to the trial date no appearance by counsel is necessary. Unless otherwise ordered, counsel must appear at the calling of the calendar. With prior approval, counsel may appear by telephone for this purpose.

The Bankruptcy Dispute Resolution Program (BDRP) established by the district provides opportunities for mediation, arbitration and settlement. A request for referral may be made at any time through procedures outlined in the Local Bankruptcy Rules. B.L.R. 9040 et. seq.

7. Chapter 11 cases. Judge Novack calendars regular conferences on the status of each pending chapter 11 case. The Chapter 11 Status Conference Checklist describes Judge Novack’s expectations for both the conferences and the case.

The San Jose Division of the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of California has adopted Guidelines for Early Disposition of Assets in Chapter 11 Cases; Pre-Packaged Plans; and the Sale of Substantially All Assets Under § 363. Please refer to these Guidelines when preparing for a contested matter involving any of these issues

8. Claim Objections. The Claimant and Objector must meet and confer by telephone at least five days before the initial claim objection hearing, and make a good faith effort to resolve the objection.  Failure to do so may result in sanctions against the offending party.

9. Forms. Both Northern District and official bankruptcy forms are available on this website. The San Jose Division has its own forms for scheduling orders in adversary proceedings and Chapter 13 forms that counsel are encouraged to use.

10. Judge Novack observes the Northern District of California's guildelines found at the court's website.